We were at Salon des métiers d’art de Montréal last December. These shows are great because there is always someone crafting something interesting. Here are some spoons crafted by Joe la Cuillère. They are made of maple and extremely ergonomic, available in both left- and right-handed forms. They are available in different sizes, but what I like is the large surface area, and the fact that they have a straight edge, a cupped side, and a 90 degree corner to allow access into a pot’s corner or along the walls. The only thing to do with them before using them is give them three layers of oil – the suggested oil is walnut oil, which polymerizes into a hard solid film after exposure to air.
I’m moving the travel, and any food posts to my other food, travel, and photo blog… partially because they don’t seem to mesh with the tools, and woodworking.
The Record No.102 is a doppelgänger of the Stanley No.102. Manufactured from 1932 until 1974 it is a non-adjustable block plane. The blade is held in position by a nickel-plated knurled wheel, which sets is apart from its Stanley brethren, who often had a much flimsier mechanism. The Stanley 102 in comparison was a more poorly constructed plane, with japanning covering the entire plane save the sole. The body casting itself was very similar including the circular-depression (for the index finger) at the toe of the plane in lieu of a knob. The Record No. 0102 block plane is non-adjustable in either depth of cut or lateral movement.
Patent No.: -
Width: 1-5/8″ in the centre (tapered to either end)
Blade: 1-3/8″, tungsten steel
Blade angle: 24º
Weight: 7/8 pounds
Construction: cast iron
Finish: blue enamel (inside plane body)
Trimmings: blue enamel (lever cap)
Adjustable mouth: No
Depth adjustment: No
Lateral adjustment: No
Lever cap set: knurled wheel, and cross-bar
Markings: RECORD, 0102, MADE IN ENGLAND
When one thinks of metal planes from the U.K., it is hard to ignore those made by Record. The British company C. & J. Hampton Ltd. registered the trademark “Record” in 1909, but it wasn’t until 1931 that the company began manufacturing planes, based on the the patterns of Stanley. As such, there is nothing inherently innovative about these block planes – their main selling point may have been the “TUNGSTEN STEEL cutting irons” (high-speed steel). These blades made of tungsten carbide were supposedly harder, more resistant to wear, and produced a keener cutting edge. The Tungsten also prevented grain growth in the steel, producing a small grain size, and making the steel more resistant to shock.
One of the interesting things about Record planes is their colour – painted surfaces on the body or lever cap are usually blue. The blue used in the original colour specification was known as “BS110 Roundel Blue”, yet it apparently varied in shade over the years, from a dark blue pre-war to light blue in later years. Record produced a number of block plane models, like many other plane manufacturers of the same era. This is quite astounding considering the smaller British market. Conversely Millers Falls, who started manufacturing planes a little earlier than Record, had a much larger repertoire. The numbering of the Record block planes suggests a direct correlation with the Stanley numbering system. There are some slight differences in the mechanisms used on some planes, but the planes are doppelgängers.
No.09½ - adjustable (lateral, depth), 6″ (1934-2004)
No.015 - adjustable (lateral, depth), 7″ (1934-1943)
No.016 - adjustable (lateral, depth), 6″ (1934-1943)
No.017 - adjustable (lateral, depth), 7″, nickel-plated lever cap (1934-1943)
No.018 - adjustable (lateral, depth), 6″, nickel-plated lever cap (1934-1967)
No.019 - adjustable (lateral, depth), 7″, nickel-plated lever cap (1934-1943)
No.0101 - non-adjustable, 3½” (1935-1943)
No.0102 - non-adjustable, 5½” (1932-1974)
No.0110 - non-adjustable, 7″ (1931-1994)
No.0120 - adjustable (depth), 7″ (1931-1982)
No.0130 - double-end non-adjustable, 8″ (1931-1982)
No.0220 - adjustable (depth), 7″ (1931-1994)
No.0230 - adjustable (lateral, depth), 6″, nickel-plated lever cap (1932-1943)
The initial four block planes increased to 13 by the late 1930′s, but wartime restrictions saw six of those models disappear (although some appeared in catalogs up until 1962). By the mid-1980′s there were three block planes left, augmented by the addition of a fourth:
No.60½ adjustable (lateral, depth), 6″, low-angle (1982-2004)
There was excitement in the air, as usually precedes a tool show – but I have to say I was somewhat disappointed this show. It was probably because I didn’t exactly find anything truly bizarre or something that made me go “WOW”. I cruised around the stalls for a couple of hours but ended up with a few block planes and a MF hand drill. Like always there were some tools in abundance – but seems like few were selling. This time I noticed quite a few vises – including vintage Record woodworking vises, and an abundance of Millers Falls hand drills. There were some reasonably nice infills, and a few Victor block planes that I had my eye on – but didn’t end up buying any. For the starter-collector/user there is always a lot of stuff.
Here are some snap-shots of the show.
I ended up buying four block planes: a Record 220, a Birmingham Plane Co. plane, a Keen Kutter K120, and a Stanley 120 (in excellent condition).
.. and a yet to be determined model Millers Falls hand drill. Oh and a very rusty Stanley 102 which was basically free when I bought the Keen Kutter – it will become fodder for the de-rusting experiments (which will progress soon).
The Birmingham Plane Company (also known as Birmingham Plane Mfg. Co.), located in Birmingham Connecticut, manufactured planes from 1884-1900, although the company existed from 1855 to 1891. In 1891 the company changed its name to the Derby Plane Co., and continued manufacturing until 1900, although many of the blades continued to carry the Birmingham markings. They made a variety of planes, yet little is known of the company beyond the interesting all-metal planes they made.
They produced five block planes:
- Iron block plane: 3-1/4″, 4″, 5-3/8″
- Adjustable iron block plane: 5-5/16″, 7″
I managed to pick up the 5-3/8″ plane at the Tools of the Trades this past weekend. Not in super exceptional example from the perspective of Japanning, but solid, and containing no cracks or other structural problems – which is always good considering the plane is over 100 years old.
The blade has the following marking : “B PLANE”, and otherwise the plane has no other markings. The body retains some Japanning, but the lever cap is almost bare. The blade depth adjustment mechanism is a simple lever pivoting on post, with two teeth that mesh with grooves on the rear of the blade, moving the blade up and down.
What is unique about this plane are its flared sides, which may have been designed this way to help the user maintain a grip on the block plane. The sides of the plane are bevelled 85º from the base of the plane. The plane also has a lever cap with a prominent hump.
In a week, it is time for the fall “Tools of the Trades” at the Pickering Recreation Complex.
SUNDAY, October 5th – 10am to 3pm.
Time again to spend a couple of hours mulling over some vintage tools – although with the number of tools now in my workshop, I may have to start selling tools soon! I’ll be looking for unusual or rare block planes, and likely some tool catalogs. If you are a new to woodworking, looking to buy a set of starter tools for a reasonable price, there is no better show in Canada. There is always a good selection of vintage Stanley, British planes (Record), wooden planes, and a few Millers Falls and Sargents.