Restoration vs. refurbishment

In the world of woodworking, we talk about tool restoration. We generally use the term to describe the process of taking an old tool, and returning it to a former semblance of itself. However, in the traditional sense of the word, a restored tool is one that has been rebuilt exactly the same way the manufacturer first assembled it at the factory. Replacing the Japanning, refinishing the wooden handles, or lapping the sole, are not really restoration per say – refurbishment would be a better word. To do a restoration justice, the tool would have to be stripped back to bare bones, i.e. all old Japanning stripped off and replaced with new Japanning (not spray painted). Wooden pieces would have to be refinished as they were originally, with original paint colours used on painted parts. An excellent example are the beautifully restored braces and hand drills of Wiktor Kuc (Millers Falls, Goodell-Pratt, Yankee) (see pic below).

Linked from “Hand Drill No. 2A Transitional” by Wiktor Kuc on




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