If you want a concise guide to woodworking joints, then there is only one book: Woodwork Joints, by Charles H Hayward. First published in 1950, this book is part of the Woodworker Handbooks, published by Evans Brothers Limited.
The books ten chapters cover most joints: edge joints, mortise-and-tenon joints, halved and bridle joints, mitred and scribed joints, housed and dowelled joints, dovetails, joints for plywood, splice/scarf/fishplate and showcase joints, and mechanical joints. Here are a couple of excerpts from the books. First the start of Chapter IV on halved and bridle joints.
Next two pages from the section on making dovetails.
This book covers every possible joint needed to do woodworking.
You can find a copy of this book for about $10 on Abebooks.