The $1 Stanley rust bucket – an exploration

At a flea market in Maine, I was looking for rusty plane blades for my experiments on rust removal (VERY challenging to find it seems). I came across a pile of rusty things, most too large to do anything with – but I bought a rusty plane for $1. The only thing I was certain was that it was a Stanley excelsior of some sort.

stanley15_profile

The plane is coated in a layer of rust, to the extent that the rust has prised off the japanning. There are no parts missing from the plane, although there are some nicks, and rough edges. The adjustable mouth has seized to the plane body. The plane is 7″ in length, and has the characteristic “excelsior” hump towards the rear of the plane – all the hallmarks of the Stanley No.15.

stanley15_markings

Plane markings for identification

On further investigation, the plane has three identifying markings (readable through the rust): patent markings and the STANLEY trademark on the lateral adjustment lever (76, 84, 88, 88), an “S” owner’s mark on the side of the plane, and an “S” foundry mark on the bed, posterior to  the mouth (so faint I couldn’t photograph it properly). Using the block plane dating table on the Virginia Toolworks website, it is likely this plane dates from between 1889 and 1897.

stanley15_rust

Exploration of the rust

The task now? Disassemble it and dunk it completely in Evaporust to remove the rust – then likely a repainting of the japanned areas, and lapping of the areas that should be “shiny”. It will never be a perfect specimen, but it might function again.

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Finding tools in Maine and visiting Liberty Tool

Back from 12 days vacation and tool hunting. We drove across the Adirondacks, through the Green Mountains of Vermont and White Mountains of New Hampshire to Maine. First stop in Maine was Liberty Tool in the small town of Liberty. I had high hopes for finding *something*, however to be honest, it wasn’t the nexus of tool hunting that I had expected. There are a lot of tools there, that is for certain, however for the seasoned tool “collector” seeking a good selection of vintage tools, it just isn’t there. There is an abundance of “generic” vintage tools, in various states of dis-repair. There are plenty of mechanics tools, but some things are quite worn (e.g. files), but having said that – inexpensive. There are bunch of files, and piles of screw-drivers – there is a *lot* of stuff there. Part of the allure may be the hunt. The place is kind-of overwhelming, there are drawers of things, bottles of other. Behind the counter there are a few of the more expensive pieces. I spent maybe an hour inside looking about – here are some photos of the ground floor (there aren’t many tools on the upper two floors).

An abundance of hammers, and mallets, and saws.

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A bunch of bench planes, both metal and wood, drills – and odds-and-ends out the ying-yang.

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What did I find? I found an extremely nice (complete) hand-grinder made by the Modern Grinder Mfg Co., and a Stanley No.120 block plane with a 6-star lever cap. The grinder is nice, but I guess I should have checked the size of the wheel needed – this one takes max 5″ wheels, and they are harder to come by. Nevertheless, might work well for buffing with a felt wheel (For $14 it was too good a bargain to pass up) . I wasn’t expecting a slew of rare block planes, but there were really only a few generic ones, and I wasn’t after bench planes, nor wooden planes. Just down the road from Liberty Tool, is Frapoli’s Place – who honestly has a better grouping of well-conditioned woodworking tools. I found a nice Millers Falls No.57 block plane.

libertyT_buys

The hand-grinder and the Stanley No.120

We traipsed around a bit of southern Maine, but tool pickings were slim – my best pick at a flea market – a Stanley excelsior No.15 block plane for $1 – rusted, and maybe beyond repair, but it has all it’s parts I’ll give it a shot. We spent a couple of hours at the Maine Antique Festival, but that was also empty from a tool point of view – a few bits of overpriced pieces, although we picked up some nice silverware. The conclusion on picking for tools? The good stuff ends up in tool auctions, or you have to know someone, who knows someone (who likely knows someone).

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Millers Falls No.57 and the rusted $1 Stanley No.15

So we did visit a place that is guaranteed to have tools – the Lie-Nielsen shop in Warren. We arrived at 4.30pm, with 30 minutes until closing. I couldn’t *not* buy something while there, and the 10% in-store discount didn’t hurt. I ended up with the small iron scraping plane, and the LN 60½ low-angle, adjustable mouth block plane. Tom Lie-Nielsen even came into the showroom while we were there – should have got him to autograph the box or something. The nice thing about the store – you can actually play with the tools before you buy – something that is missing in Lee Valley stores. What Lee Valley needs is a feature store dedicated to its core woodworking tools where one can play with the tools, and there is a full-time woodworker there to help people select the right tools – if the store were in Ottawa they could attach a tool museum to it as well, judging by the catalog covers, Lee Valley must have a great tool collection. Well, enough picking – time to do some organization before the next Tools of the Trades show in October.

 

Out picking!

Fewer posts for the next while. Off for vacation and picking in Maine. Hope to visit Liberty Tool Co., the Maine Antique Festival, and Lie Nielsen. Should be loads of fun, maybe I’ll blog from along the way if I can figure out how to use the WordPress for iPad app! Maybe a couple of special block planes, or that Millers Falls or Sargent tool that just speaks to me.

The Ohio Tool Co. No.9½ block plane

I recently acquired an Ohio Tool Company No.9½ from Jim Bode Tools. Block planes from Ohio Tool are not that easy to come by, and while it seems like the designation 9½ would stigmatize it, it has some rather interesting features which set it apart from the Stanley 9½ and its kin. As the patents ran out on the Stanley planes, Ohio Tools began manufacturing several of their models. The plane has a maroon paint finish on both the body and the lever cap. There is rumour that these maroon planes emanated from the ‘Thistle’ brand of the Auburn Tool Co., which merged with Ohio Tool Co. in 1893. The trademark on the planes blade is marked “Ohio Tool Co.”, Auburn N.Y., so it is likely the plane was manufactured there under the auspices of the Ohio Tool Co.

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Fig 1: The Ohio 9½

One of the most identifiable features is the swivelling lateral blade adjustment mechanism. I first saw this on a Keen Kutter KK60, which makes sense, as Ohio Tools manufactured planes for The Simmons Hardware Company. Other Ohio planes, including the No.220 sported the swivelling mechanism in their early renditions. This is an early version of the No.9½, circa 1901 – later versions from a 1910 catalog moved to the more traditional Stanley type “curved lever” lateral blade adjustment mechanism.

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Fig 2: All the parts

The mechanism is quite unique amongst block planes. It made its appearance in a patent received in 1901 (No.680,055) – although employing a lever with a flat end instead of the rounded one found in this plane. Fig.3 shows the plan and profile of the mechanism from the patent. Depth-adjustment of the blade is achieved by means of a rack-and-pinion mechanism. The rack is attached to the bottom of the blade (Fig.3 – b), and the pinion section which engages it is attached to the lever (Fig.3 – d). Raising the lever lowers the blades, whilst depressing the lever raises the blade. Lateral adjustment is by means of a carriage (Fig.3 – g) which pivots around a central point (Fig.3 – h) upon a support structure (Fig.3 – m). The same lever used for depth adjustment (which is attached to the carriage) can be moved from side to side to achieve lateral adjustment.

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Fig 3: Extracts from the patent showing both depth and lateral adjustment mechanisms.

Basically, in operation lengthwise adjustment of the blade is achieved by moving the lever vertically, while moving the lever crosswise moves the carriage upon its pivot and lateral adjustment is effected. At the same time a second patent (No.680,056) was also received for a similar mechanism, however the rack-and-pinion style depth adjustment mechanism had been replaced with a more commonly seen slide actuated by a screw. By the time this No.9½ had gone into production, the rack had been integrated into the blade as a series of rectangular holes, the number of teeth in the pinion had been reduced to from 3 to 2, and the lever had been modified to an “acorn” finial type. The first two of these modifications likely were driven by cost, and a simplification of the manufacturing process. The modification of the end of the lever may have been occasioned by the need to move laterally, something the flat lever in the original patent could achieve – but not in a comfortable manner.

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Fig 4: Blade adjustment mechanisms

The other two interesting features are the simple lever for adjusting the size of the mouth, and the circular “handi” grip on the sides of the plane.

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Fig 5: Other fun features

By 1910, ten years before the demise of Ohio Tools, the 0103, 0120, 0140 still sported the pivoting lateral adjustment using a rack-and-pinion. It appears the 060, 060½, 065, and 065½ all used pivoting adjustment, however using the “sled” and adjustment screw.

SPECS

Manufactured: circa 1901-1905?
Patent No.: 680,055 (Aug. 6, 1901)
Length: 6″, catalog, actual 6¼”
Width: 1-7/8″
Blade: 1-5/8″
Construction: cast
Finish: paint (maroon)
Trimmings: paint (maroon)
Adjustable mouth: Yes
Depth adjustment: Yes (rack-and-pinion + lever)
Lateral adjustment: Yes (pivoting carriage)
Markings: 09½ on heel of the body

ohio9_5_profile

Fig 6: No.9½ in profile.

NB: Apart from the Catalog No.23 of 1910, there is very little written about Ohio Tools in the open literature.

The Antique Trader Tools Price Guide (2nd ed.) of 2007 cites the price of a No.9½ in fine condition with 100% japanning as US$303. But with the market what it is today, who knows what the validity of these prices really is.